Only a few material that has been taped had been coded. As our focus had been on scripted development, we excluded day-to-day news broadcasts, game shows, sports programs and occasions, and paid development, in addition to all types of commercials as well as other promotions ( ag e.g., teasers for network programs). Although music videos had been taped, these people were coded and analyzed individually for their unique traits and therefore are maybe perhaps perhaps not reported right here. The analyses introduced in this paper, nonetheless, do through the nonmusic video clip programming from cable music activity channels including talk shows, variety/comedy shows, and truth programs.
In addition, implies that had been incomplete since they started before 3:00 p.m. or ended after 11:00 p.m. weren’t coded. Finally, episode repeats had been eradicated through the sample.
The final test for the 2001 2002 period contained 1,276 unique system episodes, whereas the ultimate test when it comes to 2002 2003 period included 1,439 unique system episodes. The test for the 2nd content analysis ended up being notably bigger than the initial 12 months’s sample even as we produced concerted work in 12 months 2 to ensure we had three episodes of every nonsyndicated show. Despite strict adherence to your sampling plan, additional taping ended up being needed whenever, as an example, brand brand new programs joined the autumn lineup following the beginning of the year to replace for cancelled programs or whenever time and time slot for a set had been changed.
The codebook when it comes to larger research had been based substantially from the factors produced by Kunkel and peers (1999, 2001, weblink 2003) within their content analyses conducted when it comes to Kaiser Family Foundation.
We created extra products, including those on same intercourse behavior that is intimate sexual talk linked to nonheterosexuals.